Categories
Tips

Fixing an IIS deadlock

Found the below post in my drafts section. I should have released it a year ago but better late than never. Maybe someone with a deadlock problem on IIS and .NET 4.0 will find this piece of information useful.

At the place where I am contracting at the moment, we recently (April 2013) went live with an intranet web application that needs to handle about 1000 concurrent users. This is handled by 8 web-servers running Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.5 and ASP.NET 4.0 and in the beginning, all was well.

After running for about a day, we started seeing deadlocks in the IIS worker processes. At its worst, it happened every five minutes. When a worker process deadlocks, it recycles itself and the system could not handle that. A Microsoft support ticket was opened and the problem was eventually solved by adding the following code in a random .cs file in all of the assemblies (i.e. projects) for the application:

[System.Runtime.InteropServices.StructLayout(System.Runtime.InteropServices.LayoutKind.Explicit)]
struct WorkaroundStruct
{
    [System.Runtime.InteropServices.FieldOffset(0)]
    [System.Runtime.InteropServices.MarshalAs(System.Runtime.InteropServices.UnmanagedType.I4)]
    public int myField1;
} 

This magically solved the deadlocks. It turns out that it is a known bug in the .NET 4.0 framework but Microsoft was not going to make a hotfix for it. Hmm.

Deadlocks are always bad but in our case, they were extra bad. All data in the application is fetched through a Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) webservice from a different company. Instantiation of a WCF client can be slow and in our case, it could take 7-9 seconds for one or more of the WCF clients. By the way, while instantiating the client, the CPU goes nuts. Even though we cache the client for each session to improve performance, when the IIS enters a deadlock and resets, all 1000 users have to instantiate a new WCF client and the servers could simply not handle the CPU load.

It is funny what weird issues we run into with technology.

Categories
Industry Technology

Why you should not use Microsoft Silverlight for your next web application

You are running a Silverlight 4 application. You may experience incompatibilities as Moonlight does not have full support for this runtime yet.
The above warning message sums up everything I dislike about proprietary web technologies. Silverlight is a fairly new Microsoft technology from 2007 and Moonlight is its Open Source and not up-to-date equivalent that I have to use because Microsoft does not provide Silverlight for Linux. Since most software only run on Windows anyway why is this so upsetting? Well, everything is different on the web.

First, the premise for Rich Internet Applications (RIA) like Silverlight, Flash and even Java is ok: A website usually does not provide much “action” in itself so having an extra plugin running on the website with some access to the underlying system resources as well as built-in extra functionality will provide a better user experience. Microsoft writes on the Silverlight website:

Silverlight is a powerful development platform for creating engaging, interactive user experiences for Web, desktop, and mobile applications when online or offline

That sounds good and I do not necessarily disagree with the premise for RIAs but the question is: Why did we need another RIA platform that doesn’t really work? I don’t exactly know. However, it is understandable from Microsoft’s viewpoint, given their history of locking-in people to their platforms and the fact that they have legions of .NET developers that are probably very comfortable staying in their own environment when writing web applications. For them, Silverlight is probably bliss.

But there are some problems, one of them being its availability. As of this writing, Silverlight is only supported in roughly 61% of all browsers, according to statowl, or roughly 69%, according to riastats. As the above warning message suggests, it does not work perfectly on (my version of) Linux, even with the newest Chrome browser and Ubuntu 11.04, the arguably best supported Linux version out there. Indeed, most of the Silverlight applications that I have looked at did not work very well, including an app that I was offered to work on1 and popular services such as Netflix which currently does not work with Moonlight.

Again, the question arises: Why is this so bad? Isn’t this the same as always? No, it is a problem because the beauty of the web is its openness, and this openness is what Microsoft is challenging. The same applies to Flash. You may call Apple snobbish and manipulative if you like but Steve Jobs does have a point regarding Flash as a platform:

Most Flash websites will need to be rewritten to support touch-based devices. If developers need to rewrite their Flash websites, why not use modern technologies like HTML5, CSS and JavaScript? … New open standards created in the mobile era, such as HTML5, will win on mobile devices (and PCs too). Perhaps Adobe should focus more on creating great HTML5 tools for the future …

In my opinion, this would apply to Silverlight also. To be fair, Microsoft is embracing standards like html5 in Internet Explorer 9 but at the same time, they continue to push Silverlight forward. Some people think that this is not a problem since html5 and Silverlight are not direct competitors. But because of Microsoft’s power, Silverlight applications are shooting up everywhere which cuts off some users from using certain services of the Internet, something we have not seen on the same level with Flash. And this is a troubling development.

There is only one way of avoiding that Silverlight will dominate the next decade of web applications as Flash did in the past: Stop developing applications for it. My choice should now be clear. But I fear that I am almost alone.

Categories
Software

Licenses continued

Well, kudos to Microsoft for their Bizspark program. It is intended to help small business by providing free Microsoft products. It’s a good way to try and get developers to start using their products. Thanks to that, I now have access to Windows and Visual Studio for free. Our intentions are still to use all open source tools by the end of our first year but for now we are forced to work in the a-bit-too-feature-rich-and-slow Visual Studio.

That’s life.